The Republic of Moldova is dependent on energy imports and more than 95% of its energy needs are covered by imports. The dependency on external energy sources has contributed to a constant increase in energy prices and the accumulation of large debts to foreign suppliers. The energy sector is vital to Moldova’s economic development. The Government committed itself to reform the energy sector by increasing energy security, diversifying the energy sources, and attracting investments in the sector. Authorities wish to achieve a renewable target of 20% energy generation in the country by 2030 – a target set in the National Energy Strategy. Moldova has great potential to produce energy from renewable sources, which at the present time has not yet been harnessed. Studies show that one of the most secure and easily accessible alternative sources of energy is biomass which, used for energy purposes, is enough to cover 20% of the total annual energy consumption in the country.
Achievements by June 2012:
- 17 districts covered, out of 32
- 83 communities approved: 98 schools, kindergartens, etc, and 56,322 beneficiaries
- 35 biomass heating systems completed, 23 under works from 12 districts
- 104 new jobs created
- 1million Euro to be allocated for biomass baling, briquetting and transportation via a leasing mechanism
- 1,800 local leaders, entrepreneurs and boiler operators trained
- 1, 500 children reached through educational initiative
- Moldova Eco-Energetica Awards competition launched
- 1 million people covered by communication activities
• As a result of the project, Moldova will have in place a more secure and sustainable energy supply system in rural areas, with a high potential for replication and upscaling.
• Entrepreneurs produce and communities use renewable energy sources and technologies:
- At least, 130 modern biomass heating systems, with a capacity totalling about 35 MW, installed in public buildings like schools, kindergartens, community centers;
- Local fuel suppliers involved to prepare, store and supply the biomass fuel needed for the installed heating plants;
- Target communities benefit from cleaner and cheaper heat energy, get impulses for local development and become less dependent;
- New businesses started and new jobs and income created in targeted regions;
- The market environment supported by focused actions on policy, regulatory framework, and contracting.
• Emerging technology options for using biomass in efficient household heating, industrial cogeneration and biomass fuel production are assessed, developed and piloted:
- 500 private households equipped with efficient biomass heating systems;
- Market solutions for biomass briquetting demonstrated (at least 1 commercial plant);
- One combined heat and power station using biomass as a by-product of an agri-industrial process built.
• Local public authorities, civil servants, teachers, straw-fired boiler operators, fuel suppliers, and school children have knowledge, capacities and motivation, leading to growth of biomass markets at regional and local levels.
• The general public, central and local public authorities, and the private sector, are well informed about the opportunities and benefits of renewable energy in general and biomass energy specifically for Moldova.
The project purpose is to increase the use of renewable energy technology significantly through fuel switching and energy efficiency. The project primarily focuses on improving heating comfort levels in rural public sector buildings (schools, kindergartens, community centres) by using readily available biomass supplied from local agricultural enterprises. The project will also stimulate local markets for improved household heating, industrial cogeneration, and biomass-based briquetting, as well as raise local capacity in the biomass sector, and promote the benefits of biomass energy.
- Improve heating comfort levels in rural public buildings by using readily available biomass
- Stimulate national markets for efficient household heating, industrial cogeneration, briquetting
- Raise national capacity in the biomass sector, ensuring sustainability and further replication
- Increase awareness and acceptance, promote the benefits of renewable energy
The Moldova Energy and Biomass Project will significantly increase the use of renewable energy sources in Moldova, thus contributing to both, a more secure, competitive and sustainable energy production and rural community development. The target villages will produce their own energy, which will result in the creation of new businesses and jobs, and not least, in a better protection of our environment for future generations.