There are over 17,000 tons of military ammunition surpluses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those are chemically unstable and represent a high risk of uncontrolled explosion. These explosions pose risks to civilians living in proximity and soldiers who are guarding the storage sites.
Since 1998, incidents of this nature have been reported in more than a third of UN member states and on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. They occurred regularly, with an average of three incidents every two months over the ten-year period. Uncontrolled explosions present a safety hazard for the local population and impede their development prospects.
The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with UNDP support, disposed of over 9,000 tonnes of ammunition and 125,000 pieces of small arms and light weapons since 2006. Through this partnership modality, the Ministry successfully implemented high hazardous munitions destruction project to include destruction of all known and reported quantities of cluster bombs, rockets and other cluster munitions. In 2010-2012 the capacities for ammunition disposal were duplicated and the high technology disposal machineries were installed.
The Project EXPLODE develops and implements military logistical operations. It supports the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s efforts to prevent uncontrolled explosion of old and unstable ammunition that may cause humanitarian crisis.
The Project EXPLODE destroys high hazardous ammunition and complex weapons system. It supports the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina to decrease military ammunition stockpiles to the manageable quantities. The Project conducts training for the senior military officers and certifies ammunition specialists for ammunition inspection and demilitarization.
The Project EXPLODE implements construction engineering projects aiming to improve safety and storage conditions of the military weapons and ammunition storage depots.
The Project EXPLODE will improve safety and development prospects of local population by the reduction of potential risks to the local communities presented by inappropriate ammunition and explosive storage infrastructure, combined with decaying ammunition.
- Disposal of chemically unstable and unsafe munitions
- Prevention of uncontrolled and accidental explosions of ammunition storage depots
- Improvement of ammunition storage sites safety
- Capacity development of senior military officials on ammunition stockpile management
The successful implementation of the project will have a long-term impact in the sustainability of the action. The primary focus is on ammunition for which the Ministry of Defense has no capacity to deal with. This will achieve a twofold impact on sustainability: one, the ammunition technicians will be trained to deal with high hazardous ammunition through hands-on learning through trainings; secondly, the Ministry of Defense will have equipment and expertise to deal with the remaining types of ammunition.